By Linda Wilson-Pauwels; Elizabeth J. Akesson; Patricia A. Stewart; Sian D. Spacey
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Additional info for Cranial Nerves in Health and Disease, Second Edition
523–47. III Oculomotor Nerve innervates four of the six extrinsic ocular muscles and the intrinsic ocular muscles © L. Wilson-Pauwels III Oculomotor Nerve CASE HISTORY Werner is a 54-year-old gentleman whose favorite pastime is working in his garden. One afternoon, while lifting a heavy potted plant, he experienced a sudden headache. This headache was the worst he had ever experienced and he started to vomit. Concerned about the headache’s sudden nature and intensity, he went to the emergency department.
Wilson-Pauwels Figure II–10 A, Normally Meredith's central vision has high acuity and color infomation. B, Inflammation in her right optic nerve interferes with the transmission of signals from the retina to the brain. Since half the axons in the optic nerve carry signals from the fovea, the major change Meredith perceives is a loss of acuity and color in her central vision. (Detail from Rembrant’s The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. ) Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve. It occurs more commonly in women than in men and in younger patients, 20 to 50 years old.
The inferior division innnervates the medial rectus, inferior rectus, and inferior oblique muscles. The visceral motor axons run with the nerve to the inferior oblique muscle for a short distance, then leave it to terminate in the ciliary ganglion. Postganglionic axons leave the ciliary ganglion as eight to ten short ciliary nerves to enter the eye at the posterior aspect near the exit of the optic nerve (see Figure III–1). Oculomotor Nerve 53 The oculomotor nucleus is situated in the midbrain at the level of the superior colliculus.
Cranial Nerves in Health and Disease, Second Edition by Linda Wilson-Pauwels; Elizabeth J. Akesson; Patricia A. Stewart; Sian D. Spacey